M

Mixing of cultures

The melding of two or more cultures through intensive, prolonged contact.

Minority

Social group which is at a disadvantage politically, economically and often demographically, and is subject to discrimination.

Multiculturalism

Concept for the coexistence of several different cultures in one country. The word refers to both a fact (the ethnic diversity of a population), an ideology (a way of thinking about diversity) and government policies (for managing diversity in legal terms).

In Canada, multiculturalism policy, adopted in 1971, ruled that ethnic minorities should be treated the same way as the majority, without any differential treatment for communities.

Multiculturalism allows all citizens to preserve their identity, be more open to different cultures and more tolerant towards them, and have a sense of belonging to a common citizenship. The notion frequently arises that respect for ethnocultural diversity takes precedence over the imperatives of collective integration.

Radical multiculturalism is a variant of multiculturalism that advocates the promotion of ethnic diversity with a minimal concern for collective integration. It is synonymous with segregation and ghettoization and is a form of multiethnicity.

Multi-ethnicity

A political philosophy or system promoting the formation and consolidation of ethnic communities within the same territory, even at the expense of collective integration.